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Question: Is calamari halal according to Hanafi school? Is squid halal according to hanafi school?



السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

حامدًا وّمصليًا وّمسلمًا

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

In the Hanafi Madhhab only fish are regarded to be Halaal for consumption. This is due to Nabi Salallaahu Alaihi Wasallam clearly mentioning the above in a Hadith as well as there being no concrete proof that the honourable Sahaabah had ever consumed any other sea creatures besides fish.[1]

In Fataawa Qadhi khan the following has been mentioned: “… and according to us whatever is in the sea cannot be eaten besides fish”.[2]

Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Ludhyanwi Rahimahullaah has mentioned that with regards to a certain sea creature being classified as fish or not one has to take into consideration the opinions of the expert zoologists[3]

According to the Zoologists all fish have the following five common characteristics:

Five Basic Characteristics of Fish

  • Gills for Breathing. One of the basic criteria for an animal to be classified as a fish is the presence of gills throughout its life cycle. …
  • Scales as Skin Covering. Another characteristic of many fish, though not all, is the presence of scales. …
  • Fins for Movement. …
  • Water Habitat. …
  • Cold-Blooded or Ectothermic Animals.[4]

Fish are also vertebrate. A vertebrate is an animal with a spinal cord surrounded by cartilage or bone. The word comes from vertebrae, the bones that make up the spine. While squids are classed as cephalopods i.e. they do not have any back bone.[5]

Since Squid and Calamari are not classed as fish due to them lacking the common characteristic of one, it will not be permissible to consume according to the Hanafi Madhhab.[6]

And Allaah Ta’ala knows best

Answered by:

Musayyab Sahib

29th Muharram 1440

11th October 2018


Checked and Approved by:

[Mufti] Muhammad Irshad Motara


[1] حدثنا :قتيبة عن مالك ح وحدثنا الانصارى قال حدثنا معن قال حدثنا مالك عن صفوان بن سليم عن سعيد سلمة من آل ابن الازرق ان المغيرة بن ابى بردة وهو من بنى عبد الدار اخبره انه سمع ابا هريرة يقول : سال رجل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : يا رسول الله إنا نركب البحر ونحمل معنا القليل من الماء ، فإن توضئنا به عطشنا ، افنتوضا من البحر ؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : هو الطهور ماء ه ، الحل ميتته . (سنن الترمذى على صدر معارف السنن ج 1 ص 315)

قوله : ( الحل ميتته ) في حيوانات البحر أقوال للشوافع ، في قول : إن جميع ما في البحر حلال ، وفي قول : جميع ما فيه حلال إلا الضفدع والتمساح ، وفي قول : حلال البر ، حلال في البحر ، وحرام البر حرام في البحر ومالا نظير له في البر أيضاً حلال .

ومذهب الأحناف : أن الحلال من حيواناته السمك فقط(العرف الشذي للكشميري1  /102 )  .

 ………………. ودليلنا < أحُل لنا ميتتان : السمك والجراد > أخرجه الحافظ في تلخيص الحبير مرفوعاً وموقوفاً وصحح سند الموقوف ، وأيضاً لم يثبت من أحد من الصحابة أكل ما سوى السمك ،(العرف الشذي للكشميري1  /103 )

[2] Fataawa Qadhi Khan on the footnotes of Fataawa Hindiyyah vol. 3 pg. 357

[3]Ahsanul Fataawa vol. 7 pg 391

[6] Also see: Fataawa Darul Uloom Zakariyyah vol. 6 pg 262

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