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Asalaamualaikum, I have heard that you can perform Tahajjud Salaah after Ishaa Salaah. Is this correct? if so, does one  perform it after Witr or before?

 

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

حامدًا وّمصليًا وّمسلمًا

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

The word Tahajjud in Aayat 79 of Surah Bani Israaeel: “And during the night, wake up for Salaah” has been derived from Hujood. This word is used for two opposite meanings, that of sleeping and that of waking both. But, the words in this Aayah mean ‘be awake with the Qur’aan in a part of the night’.

This very nightly prayer is called the prayer of Tahajjud in the terminology of Shari’ah. Speaking generally, the sense in which it has been taken is that the prayer said after waking up from a short sleep is the Tahajjud. But, according to Tafseer Mazhari, the sense of the Aayah is no more than sacrificing sleep to make Salaah during some part of the night. This sense holds good for sleeping a little, then waking up from it making Salaah. Very similarly, it is also good if one begins by postponing sleep for Tahajjud and makes the Salaah. The condition that one has to sleep before doing the prayer of Tahajjud is not found  in the words used by the Qur’aan. Apart from this, there are reports from Ahaadith which support this general sense of Tahajjud.

And the definition of the prayer of Tahajjud reported from al-Hasan al-Basri  by Imaam Ibn Katheer also confirms this element of generality. The words of the report are as follows:

Al-Hasan al Basri says: “The prayer of Tahajjud holds good for every prayer that is said after al-Isha and , -because of actual practice – it will be applied to that which is said after some sleep”.

Mufti Mahmood Ghangohi Rahimahullah has mentioned in his ‘Fataawa Mahmoodiyah vol. 11 pg. 309’ “In reality Tahajjud Salaah is to be performed after waking up from sleep after half the night has passed. After Witr Salaah there is two Rak’aats of Nafl not Tahajjud however if one does make an intention of Tahajjud in the these two Rak’aats then the Salaah will still be in order”

The question then whether two Rak’aats with the intention of Tahajjud can be read after Isha Salaah or after the Witr Salaah? So this is understood from the narration of Tabraani which Allaamah Shaami [Rahimahullah] has mentioned in his Haashiyah of al-Durr al- Mukhtaar: “And that which is after the Isha Salaah is from Salaat-al Layl (night prayer)”. The word Salaat-al-Layl is a more comprehensive word than Tahajjud. {See Raddul Muhtaar al-Durr al-Mukhtaar vol. 2 pg. 24}

The outcome is that being after sleep is no condition in the real sense of the prayer of Tahajjud – and this condition is not present in the words of the Qur’aan as well. But, speaking generally, it has been the constant practice of Rasulullaah Salallaahu Alaihi Wasallam and his Noble companion [Radiallaahu Anhum] that they used to pray their Tahajjud prayer after waking up in the later part of the night, therefore, this would be the better way of doing it. {Ref: Ma’aariful Qur’aan vol. 5 pg. 533-534 – Surah 17:79} 

 

And Allaah Ta’ala knows best!

 

Answered by: Musayyab Sahib

03 Rajab 1438

02 April 2017

Checked and Approved by:

[Mufti] Muhammad Irshad Motara

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