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Question:

Assalaam o alaekum

In Surah Fatiha if we recite “walad daaalleen instead of walad duaaalleeen ” or if we recite ha instead of hha (sound from the throat) unintentionally or unknowingly and make mistakes like this. My question is “in the above situation Salaat will be acceptable or do we need to perform the Salaah again?

JazakAllah

Answer:

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

نحمده ونصلى على رسوله الكريم

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

To recite “walad daaalleen instead of walad duaaalleeen ” i.e. “Alif” in place of “waw” after the letter “Dhaadh” is correct

“Dhaadh” is from the amongst the letters of Isti’laa which means that it must be recited as full mouth however, it is mentioned in Fawaaid-e-Makkiyah of Qari Abdur Rahman Makki {Rahimahullah} that the full mouth letters should not be pronounced so hard that if after it an “Alif” is mentioned the “Alif” is changed into a “Waw” due to exaggerating in its full mouth.[1]

Hha and haa have different Makhraj  [the place where a letter originates from]

The Makhraj of Hha is pronounced from the middle of the throat

The Makhraj of haa is pronounced from the part of the throat nearest to the chest.

Since both the originating places of the two are different though close to each other, if one is able to pronounce both of the letters from its distinct Makhraj then pronouncing one in place of the other will render the Salaah invalid, that is if the meaning of the particular word has changed to another meaning.

If one is unable to pronounce the letter from its Makhraj then the Salaah of such a person will be valid. [2] Some of the jurists also mention that for the validity of his Salaah he must keep on trying to perfect his letters otherwise his salaah will be rendered invalid.

The Jurists explain such a person should not be given permission to lead Salaah as the above permissibility has been issued in the light of Dharoorah – necessity and Umoom al-balwaa – overwhelming predicament. Since it is not necessary for such a person to lead Salaah and other people can be found who can recite the Quraan correctly he will not be permitted to lead the Salaah.

And Allaah Ta’ala knows best

Answered by:

Musayyab Sahib

19th February 2017

21st Jumaadal Ulaa 1438

Checked and approved by:

[Mufti] Muhammad Irshad Motara

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[1] See: Fawaaid-e-Makkiyah pg. 22, Qadeemi Khutub Khana

[2] See: Raddul Muhtaar ala-al Durr al-Mukhtaar vol. 2 pg. 396 – 397- Zakkariya book depot, deoband, also see: Fatwaa al-Khaaniyah in the footnotes of al-Fataawa al-Hindiyyaa vol. 1, pg. 141 Fataawa Mahmoodiyah vol. 11 pg. 209 – 210 – with the footnotes of Mufti Farooq Meerthi {R.A}, Nihaayah al-Muraad fee Sharh Hadiyah ibn al-Imaad pg. 594-596